Recents in Beach

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What are Nouns ?

Nouns, Word class, English learning, Conversation, EFL,ESL, Apprendre l'anglais, تعلم الإنجليزية


Definition

Look at this example:

The huge spider silently crept across its silvery web.

Each word in this sentence does a job. It belongs to a Word Class.

The words highlighted in blue are NOUNS. They describe an object, thing or feeling like River, glass, love...

Types of nouns


There are 4 main types of noun. Think of them as two sets of pairs:

  • Proper Noun: person or place, e.g. London, Mr Wilson, Jupiter (notice that proper nouns begin always with capital letters)

  • Common Noun: a general object or thing, e.g. city, man, planet

  • Concrete Noun: something you can see, touch, hear or smell, e.g. apple, computer, road

  • Abstract Noun: something that is hard to see or touch, but you can often feel it, e.g love, truth, friendship


In our example above, Spider and Web are common and concrete nouns.

Let's take the examples below:

- When Andrew saw the monster, his heart began to beat faster.

Andrew is a proper noun, while Monster and Heart are common and concrete nouns.

- Hatred and anger burned in Ken’s fierce eyes

Hatred and Anger are abstract nouns, Ken is a proper noun and Eyes (plural of Eye) is a common and concrete noun.


- Christopher Wren, who rebuilt much of the city, was not actually born in London.

Christopher Wren and London are proper nouns and City is a common noun.


  • A collective noun describes a group of people or things as a whole. Let's consider these two examples:


- The flock of birds flew high over the village.

- The team won the Middleton Cup for the second year.

Flock and Team are examples of collective nouns.

Characteristics of Nouns


Many nouns can be recognised by their endings. Typical noun endings include:

  •  -er/-or : actor, painter, plumber, writer

  • -ism : criticism, egotism, magnetism, vandalism

  • -ist : artist, capitalist, journalist, scientist

  • -ment : arrangement, development, establishment, government

  • -tion : foundation, organisation, recognition, supposition


Most nouns have distinctive singular and plural forms. The plural of regular nouns is formed by adding -s to the singular: Car/Cars, Dog/Dogs, House/Houses...

However, there are many irregular nouns which do not form the plural in this way: Man/Men, Child/Children, Sheep/Sheep...

Remember 


Words can belong to different Word classes. It depends on what job they are doing in the sentence.

- Last night I went to the theatre to see a play called ‘The Double’. (Play here is a common noun)

- When I was little, I loved to play with my train set. (Play here is a verb)


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