Recents in Beach

Present simple (I write) - definition, rules and uses

Learn all what you need to know about the present simple, its uses and rules

A. Definition


Let's consider this example:

Rick is a teacher, but now he is in bed asleep. So: He is not teaching in class. (He is asleep.)

teach(es)/work(s)/do(es) etc. is the present simple:

I/we/you/they  teach/work/do etc.
he/she/it  teaches/works/does etc.

•  You use the present simple to talk about people's routines and habits, and when we say how often we do things.

In summer Rick usually plays football once or twice a week. 
Sam goes for a run every morning. 
How often do you go to the dentist? (not 'How often are you going?') 
We always spend the summer in Italy. 
Lilly doesn't drink coffee very often.


•  You also use the present simple to talk about things that are permanent or always true, and in zero conditional sentences.

The office opens at eight every morning.   
Water boils at 100 C°. 
If I say I love you, I mean it.

•  You use the present simple to talk about official scheduled or timetabled events, e.g. train timetables, television listings, etc.

This train arrives in Newcastle at 08.28.  
The film starts at seven.

•  You usually use the present simple (not the Present continuous) with certain verbs, e.g:
agree, believe, feel, hate, hear, know, like, love, prefer, see, smell, taste, understand etc.

She doesn't understand the question.
NOT She isn't understanding the question. 
I don't believe in life after death.
NOT I'm not believing in life after death.


B. The use of Do/Does : Questions and negative form


We use do/does to make questions and negative sentences:

do I/we/you/they write?/say?/do?
does he/she/it write?/say?/do?
I/we/you/they don't write/say/do
he/she/it doesn't write/say/do

Examples:

'Would you like a cigarette?' 'No, thanks. I don't smoke.' 
My friend is in troubble. She doesn't know what to do. 
I come from France. Where do you come from? 
What does this word mean?

In the following examples do is also the main verb:

She is so lazy. She doesn't do anything to help us. (not 'She doesn't anything') 
I get up at 7 o'clock every morning. (not 'I'm getting'; learn more about the uses of the word 'Get'.
'What do you do?' (= What's your job?) 'I work in a warehouse.'


C. Other cases


Usually we do things by saying something. For example, when you refuse to do something, you can say 'I refuse ...'; when you suggest something, you can say 'I suggest ...'.

In the same way we say: I apologise .../I advise .../I insist .../I agree .../I refuse ... etc.

We use the present simple in sentences like this:

'What do you suggest I do?' 'I suggest that you ...' 
I promise I won't be late. (not 'I'm promising')

D. Remember


We use the present simple to say that something happens all the time or repeatedly, and to talk about things in general. We are not thinking only about now. It is not important whether the action is happening at the time of speaking:

The earth goes round the sun. 
I drink soda everyday.

Notice that we say: he/she/it -s. Don't forget the 's':

I write ... but He writes ... They finish ... but My sister finishes ...


When one of these words exists in a sentence, you should use the present simple tense:

Always - Usually - sometimes -never -Often –rarely- every

These words are used when we speak about frequency (to say how often we do something)

Example:

I always go (go) to work at 8:00. 
Marry never drinks (drink) soda.

E. Quiz and exercies


Test your knowledge now by passing this test from here:



 You can work on other exercises in your spare time to consolidate your knowledge about the topic.


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