Recents in Beach

How to express reason, purpose and result | Examples and Exercises

This lesson aims to teach you how to express reason, purpose, and result with examples, exercises and quizzes.


|How to express Reason, purpose and result ||


|Examples and Exercises || 


Reason


I went home early because/as/since I was feeling a bit tired.


With as or since, the reason (in this example 'feeling tired') is often known to the listener or reader, so it is less important.
It is also common to put as/since at the beginning of the sentence.


— 'As/since I was feeling tired, I went home early'.


In spoken English, many of the sentence: 'As/since I was feeling tired, I went home early'. In spoken English, many native speakers would use so after the reason.


— I was feeling a bit tired, so I went home early.


We can also use because of, but with a different construction. Compare these two examples below.


— We always go there because the weather is absolutely wonderful. (because + noun + verb)

— We always go there because of the wonderful weather. (because of + (adjective) + noun)

Due to and owing to have the same meaning as because of, but they are more formal, and are often used in sentences which explain the reason for a problem.

— The plane was late due to bad weather. (due to is often used after the verb 'to be')

— Due to / Owing to the power cut last night, I missed the late film on TV.


Cause and result verbs


There are some verbs which we can use in similar ways to the words above:

— Police think the bus caused the accident. (= was responsible for the accident)

— The extra investment should lead to more jobs. (= result in more jobs)

'Cause' and 'result' verbs sometimes appear together in this way:

— Police think that a cigarette caused the fire which resulted in the destruction of the building.


Purpose


A 'purpose' is an intention, an aim or a reason for doing something. We often introduce a purpose using so (that).


— The purpose of buying this book was to improve my English.

— I bought this book so (that) I can improve my English.

— They went home early so (that) they could watch the match on television.

— We moved house so (that) we could send our children to this school.


Note:
In spoken English, people often just say so (without that). It is also very common (as in the examples) to use a modal verb, e.g. can or could, after so that.

Result



These words introduce a result: So, Consequently, therefore, and As a result.


— I left the ticket at home, so I'm afraid I had to buy another one.

— I forgot to send the letters. Consequently, some people didn't know about the meeting.

— She was extremely hard-working and therefore deserved the promotion.

— Both the manager and his assistant were ill. As a result, there was no-one to take decisions.


Note:
So is the most common, and usually links ideas in a single sentence.
As a result and consequently are more formal, and usually connect ideas in two separate sentences (as in the examples).
Therefore (also more formal), can be used in a single sentence (as in the example), but may also connect two sentences.


Quiz


Test your knowledge now by passing the test below:



Exercises



Combine the two sentences into one sentence using so, so that, because, as, or since. More than one answer is possible in some sentences.


1. I didn't phone you. It was very late.

2. I turned up the radio in the lounge. I could hear it in the kitchen.

3. The restaurant was full. We went to the bar next door.

4. I stayed at home. I was expecting a phone call.

5. It's a very large city. You have to use public transport a lot.

6. I learned to drive. My mother didn't have to take me to the riding school every week.


Transform these sentences using 'because of.' 

Make any changes that are necessary.


Example: He couldn't play because he had an injured shoulder.
He couldn't play, because of his injured shoulder.

1. She got the job because her qualifications are excellent.

2. The weather was terrible, so we couldn't eat outside.

3. She had to stay at home because she has a broken ankle.

4. The light was very bad, so the referee had to stop the game.

S. The flowers died because it was so dry.

6. The traffic was very heavy. I was half an hour late.


Read this memo from a manager to the staff. 

Fill the gaps with suitable words or phrases.


To:  All staff
From: The Manager
Date:9.8.96

Subject: Temporary roadworks

From next Monday (and continuing throughout the week), there will be roadworks on all major approach roads to the factory. ............................ this will ............................  considerable delays, could I please ask staff to leave home a few minutes early in the morning ............................  everyone arrives on time. I have been told that these roadworks could also............................ severe traffic congestion. ............................ it may be advisable to leave your cars at home and use public transport instead.
Thank you for your cooperation in this matter.


These sentences are all about learning English. Complete them in a logical way.



1. I want to improve my English because ...............................

2. I bought myself a walkman so that I ...............................

3. I study English at the weekend as ...............................

4. I always write words down in my notebook so that ...............................

5. I don't get many opportunities to practise my English. Consequently, ...............................

6. My brother has got a number of American friends. As a result, ...............................

7. If he could speak almost perfect English it could lead to ...............................

8. Some people find English difficult because of ...............................

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