Recents in Beach

How to express similarities, differences and conditions

These are ways of expressing similarities, differences, and conditions. In this lesson you will learn and practice some of them


|How to express similarities, differences and conditions ||



Similarities


These are ways of saying that two or more things are similar, or have something the same.


— Peter is similar to (= like) his brother in many ways. Peter and his brother are very similar.

— Peter and his brother are quite alike.

— Maria and Rebecca both passed their exams. (= Maria passed and Rebecca passed) But neither wants to go to university. (= Maria doesn't want to go and Rebecca doesn't want to go either)

— The two boys have a lot in common. (= they have many things e.g. hobbies, interests, beliefs, that are the same or very similar).

Differences



These are ways of saying that two or more things are different.


— His early films are different from his later ones.

— Paula is quite unlike (= very different from) her sister.

— They have nothing in common. (= they have no interests or beliefs that are the same)


Using 'compare'



— We want to compare the prices of all the televisions before we decide which one to buy.

— They made a comparison of average salaries in different parts of the country.

— Our new flat is very big compared with/to our old one. (= if you compare it with the other)

— If you compare this one with the others, I'm sure you'll see a difference.


Exceptions



When we make a general statement about things or people and then say that one thing or person is not included or is different from the others, we use these words and phrases:


— It snowed everywhere except on the west coast.

— The two girls are very similar except that Louise has slightly longer hair.

— The museum is open every day except (for) / apart from Sunday(s).

— Everyone heard the fire alarm except (for) / apart from the two boys in room 7.

Note: Except can be followed by different words (nouns -read more about Nouns-, prepositions, etc.), but except for and apart from are followed by nouns or noun phrases.

Conditions


Here are some words/phrases which introduce or connect conditions. Like 'if', they are used with certain tenses, and the rules are quite difficult. For the moment, notice the tenses underlined in the examples, and use them in this way until you meet other examples.

— We will be late unless we hurry. (= we'll be late if we don't hurry)

— Unless the weather improves (= if the weather doesn't improve), we won't be able to go.

— I must go now otherwise (= because if I don't) I'll miss the last bus.

— You can borrow it as long as (= on condition that) you bring it back by Thursday.

Note: The meaning is very similar to if here, but the use of as long as shows that the condition is very important to the speaker.

— Take your umbrella with you in case it rains. (= because of the possibility it may rain later)
I brought food in case we get hungry. (= because of the possibility we may be hungry later)


Bonus


You can learn more about how to compare and contrast with the video below, presented by Pr. Emma from engVid channel





Quiz



Test your knowledge now by passing the test below:



Exercises



Read the information, then complete the sentences using the words/phrases from what you have learned.


MICHEL ...                              
is 21 and lives with his parents. He has worked in a shop. He is shy, hard-working and very good at sport. He would like to become the manager of a sports shop.                                                    

 PHILIPPE ...
is 22 and lives alone. He is at university. He is clever but lazy, and spends most of his time at panics. He has no plans for the future.

 PAUL ...
 is 18 and lives with his parents. He is a trainee in a bank, but one day would like to be the manager. He is a very good footballer.

Questions

1. Michel and Paul are very..............
2. Philippe is quite.................... the other two.
3. Paul and Michel have.............
4. Paul and Philippe have almost nothing...................
5. Paul and Michel both....................
6. Neither of them..............

Rewrite these sentences. You must start with the words you are given and use the words in brackets. The meaning must stay the same. 

Look at the example first.


Example: He's like the others.

He's very similar to the others.  (similar)

1. Martin is quite unlike his brother.
Martin is very .............................(different)

2. When you see the houses, you realise that the flats are very good value.
The flats are very good value......................................... (compare)

3. In her class, Carla was the only one who didn't pass the exam.
Everyone ...............................(except)

4. The two boys have completely different interests.
The two boys have..................................(common)

5. You don't have to wear a tie except for Saturday(s).
You don't have to wear a tie ................................ (apart)


Fill the gaps with the correct link word or phrase from what you have learned.



1. You must write these words down.................................you may forget them.

2. I've made extra food for the party.......................more people come than we expect.

3. I can meet you for dinner on Friday evening....................... I have to work late at the office.

4. We agreed to buy my daughter a dog......................she takes it for a walk every day.


Complete these sentences in a suitable way.



1. I want to finish this report today otherwise I'll............................................

2. You can't get in that disco unless you............................................

3. You can borrow the money as long as you............................................

4. I've cleaned the spare room and made the bed in case............................................

5. I'm not going to work on Saturday unless............................................

6. I'm going to take my cheque book with me in case............................................


How many different sentences can you write beginning with these words?



Compared with Britain, my country

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